Human Anaomy Chapter 9 Notes

WRONG 1.
A ___________ is a type of joint formed where two bones are joined by a pad of fibrocartilage. The intervertebral joints are an example.
X A. syndesmosis
O B. synchondrosis
O C. gomphsis
C D. symphysis

FEEDBACK

Sorry, that’s not correct. See the section called Cartilaginous Joints.
CORRECT 2.
Which type of synovial joint allows for the greatest range of motion?
X A. ball and socket
O B. hinge
O C. planar
O D. condyloid

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CORRECT 3.
Your shoulder and other synovial joints have many moving parts that rub against one another. One of the structures that helps reduce friction between these parts is a fluid-filled sacs called:
O A. menisci
O B. tendons
O C. vesicles
X D. bursae

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CORRECT 4.
Functions of the menisci (singular = meniscus) include all of the following EXCEPT:
X A. secretion of synovial fluid
O B. shock absorption
O C. providing a better fit between surfaces
O D. providing a greater surface area for weight distribution

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CORRECT 5.
Which of the following help reduce friction in synovial joints?
O A. synovial fluid
O B. articular cartilage
O C. bursae
X D. all of these choices

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CORRECT 6.
The extension of fibrocartilage that helps deepen the joint socket in ball and socket joints is called a(n):
O A. meniscus
O B. ligament
X C. labrum
O D. tendon sheath

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CORRECT 7.
This layer labeled A is the synovial membrane.

X A. True
O B. False

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CORRECT 8.
This layer labeled B articular cartilage.

X A. True
O B. False

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CORRECT 9.
The motion of bending a joint, or decreasing the angle between two bones is called flexion.
X A. True
O B. False

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CORRECT 10.
The motion of bringing your straightened arms towards the midline (e.g. standing at attention or the second part of a jumping jack) is called adduction.
X A. True
O B. False

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CORRECT 11.
Doing arm circles involves what kind of motion?
O A. flexion
O B. extension
X C. circumduction
O D. rotation

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CORRECT 12.
Dropping your jaw (opening your mouth) in surprise involves what type of movement?
O A. pronation
X B. depression
O C. supination
O D. elevation

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CORRECT 13.
_____________ is the type of movement allowed by the saddle joint at the thumb (e.g. making an “o.k.” symbol).
O A. extension
O B. extension
O C. supination
X D. opposition

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CORRECT 14.
When a ballerina goes on pointe (on their toes), this is an example of:
X A. plantar flexion
O B. dorsiflexion
O C. adduction
O D. abduction

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CORRECT 15.
Shaking your head “no” or watching a tennis match volley involves hyperextension.
O A. True
X B. False

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CORRECT 16.
This ligament labeled A is the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)

X A. True
O B. False

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CORRECT 17.
This structure labeled B: _______________

O A. articular disc
O B. articular cartilage
O C. fibular collateral ligament
X D. lateral meniscus

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CORRECT 18.
This ligament labeled C: ________________

O A. lateral cruciate
X B. tibial collateral ligament
O C. fibular collateral ligament
O D. lateral meniscus

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WRONG 19.
The temporomandibular joint is a combination of two types of joints, ________ and _________.
O A. hinge and saddle
C B. hinge and planar
X C. planar and condyloid
O D. saddle and planar

FEEDBACK

Sorry, that’s not correct. See the section called Temporomandibular Joint.
CORRECT 20.
The glenohumeral joint is more commonly known as the:
O A. knee
X B. shoulder
O C. wrist
O D. elbow

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CORRECT 21.
The shoulder is the most commonly dislocated joint in adults.
X A. True
O B. False

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